Jammu is the winter capital of Jammu and Kashmir and is located on the banks of the River Tawi. This is also called the City of Temples as there are many ancient temples and mosques located at this place. This is the second-largest city in the state.
Jammu was under the rule of Mughals and then Sikhs before it went into the hands of the British. The city was ruled for a very long time about 984 years by the Dev dynasty and then by Dogra rule. During Dogra rule, many temples, mosques, and educational institutions were built.
The climate of Jammu is very hot during the summer season, the mercury shooting up to 46 degrees Celsius but in winter the climate goes below the freezing point. The coldest month is January and the hottest in June. Hence it is better to avoid both these months for tourist activities. Also during winter, dense smog covers the city blocking sight.
To reach Jammu through the air is fairly easy as it has an excellent airport located 7 km from the main city and almost all major airlines operate from here linking Jammu with major Indian cities like Srinagar, Delhi, Chandigarh, Mumbai, and Bangalore. Jammu did not have rail services until 1971 and only in 1975, the new Jammu Tawi station was established. At present, it is well connected with all the major cities of India with a broad gauge line. It is connected with Mumbai, Patna, Kanyakumari, Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai, Pune, and many other important cities by train. So traveling by train to Jammu would be an affordable option.
Jammu is connected with other neighboring cities through the national highways NH1 and NH 1B. The minibusses called Matadors are available for local transportation. The tourists may also avail the options of auto rickshaws and cycle rickshaws for short distance travels. Jammu has many small industrial units and the two largest industrial estates. However, the largest industry in this city is tourism. This is the second last railway terminal in North India and so the tourists going to visit Vaishno Devi temple and Kashmir Valley have to get down here. So the city is crowded almost all through the year.
Some of the places of interest in Jammu are Amar Mahal, Bahu Fort, Raghunath Temple, Purani Mandi, Mubarak Mandi, Karbala, and the old city. These places have great historical importance and speak of the ancient heritage of Jammu.
Jammu is noted for its local food rajma with rice and also famous for chocolate burfi, sund paneer, paisa, and Kalmadi. The Dogri food specialties like khatta meat, sambal, maa da Madra, and dal patt are real feasts to taste. You can relish these items in good Jammu restaurants. For staying at Jammu, there are many Dhams built for the facility of the pilgrims visiting the temples. These guest houses are managed by the shrine boards. Good hotels are located near Gen Bus Stand and railway station. Check out the Jammu travel guide to find the best Jammu hotels and Jammu restaurants.
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